!Go for it
Our mission in life is not to change the world, our mission is to change ourselves
 
 
یکشنبه 29 مرداد 1391 :: نویسنده : علیرضا صبری
It's always difficult to pronounce words ending with ths. In words like months, clothes, fifths, eighths, the /θ/ or /ð/ can be omitted.

According to Merriam Webster, for instance, the primary pronunciation of "months" is /mʌn(t)s/ and secondary /mʌn(t)θs/. Similarly clothes is /kloʊz/, and the alternate (also) one is /kloʊðz/.




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یکشنبه 29 مرداد 1391 :: نویسنده : علیرضا صبری
We often use let and allow to discuss permission. Both of them can be used to talk about giving and refusing permission.

Let
They let me go out and get a drink.
They wouldn't let me back in.

Allow
They allowed me to go out and get a drink.
She won't allow anyone to smoke in the office.

Allow (passive)
He wasn't allowed to go out and get a drink.
Nobody is allowed to smoke in the office.




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یکشنبه 29 مرداد 1391 :: نویسنده : علیرضا صبری
These examples clearly distinguish these 2 words:

1. They were mute. (not speaking)
2. They spoke in muted voices. (not loud)




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یکشنبه 29 مرداد 1391 :: نویسنده : علیرضا صبری
Find time to read every day. 
Reading even for a short time when you are not tired is a good idea to become a fluent reader.

Look for a good place to read.
Find a room which has a good light and comfortable chair. to have a better concentration read in a place where you won't be interrupted.

Use clues in the text to make predictions:
Fluent readers make predictions before and while reading. Use pictures, titles, captions, and subtitles to predict what's going to happen in your reading. 

Establish goal before you read:
Before starting to read, ask yourself, do you just read to get a general information or you read to find specific answers. 

Control your head and eye movements:
Avoid moving your head while you are reading because it will make you tired. Try to just move your eyes along with the lines. 

Try not to translate:
Translation will reduce your reading speed, before you try to translate the new words into your first language try to make a guess using the context. 

Read in phrases rather than word by word:
Don't point at each word that you're reading, practice reading in phrases instead. 

Engage your imagination:
Try to visualize what you're reading. Make a movie of the reading and share with others if possible. 

Avoid sub vocalization:
Sub vocalization means to quietly saying the words as you read them. Avoid this for it slows down your reading. your eyes and brain can read much faster if you don't sub vocalize. If you want to check to see if you sub vocalize or not, simply put your finger on you lips and throat, if you feel movement, then you are sub vocalizing. practice reading without moving your lips.

Don't worry about understanding every word:
It isn't always needed to check for every single word you have problems with. Most of the time it's the general combination of words that make a meaningful passage not the single word. Instead of looking up for the word every time you can simply circle it and check it later. 

Enjoy your reading:
Choose a topic that interests you and keep in mind that the more you read the better you'll feel about English texts . 

Read as much as you can:
Read whenever and wherever possible. Textbooks, websites, this forum, magazines, etc. are great sources for good readers. If you really want to become a very fluent reader, READ MORE!




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یکشنبه 29 مرداد 1391 :: نویسنده : علیرضا صبری
We use THE: 

1- When the object or group of objects is considered to be one of a kind (unique):
The earth - the sea - the stars - the sun - the moon 

2- Before a noun which is being used for the second time in the text:
I saw a man looking for something. The man seemed to be very worried.

3- Before a noun made definite by an added phrase or clause:
The men in black - The place where I met him

4- Before a noun which is definite to both speaker and listener and can only represent one special thing:
The car (our car) - in the kitchen (the kitchen of our house) - the postman (the one who comes to us)

5- Before superlative adjectives and firstsecond, etc. and only:
The best car - The first victim - the only child 

6- THE + singular noun can represent a class of animals or things:
The whale is in danger of extinction. - The freezer has made life easier for housewives.
* note: man, representing the human race, has no article. 

7- before a member of a certain group of people:
The small shopkeeper is finding life difficult.

8- before adjectives to represent a class of persons:
the old = old people in general - the poor - the English 

9-before the names of seasriversgroup of islandschain of mountainsdeserts, regions:
the Caspian sea - the Nile - The Philippines - the Alps - the Sahara - the Riviera 
*note: Not before the names of mountains > The Damavand (wrong) 
*note: Not before the names of lakes. EXP: if the name of lake has plural 'S' we add 'the' : The great lakes

10-Before the names of countries if they are bound with the name of government:
The Islamic republic of Iran - The United States of America 
*note : Not the Iran - 

11-Before certain other names:
The city - The mall - the Sudan - The Yemen - the Strand - the Hague

12- before noun+of+noun
the door of the classroom - The Gulf of Mexico 

13- before the names consisting adjective + noun (adjective should not be east, west, etc.)
The high Street - The New Forest 

14- Before adjectives east/west etc.+ certain nouns:
The west End - The south Pole - the east Indies

15- before proper nouns consisting of adjective + noun or noun + of + noun
The National Gallery - The Tower of London

16- before the names of choirs, orchestras, pop groups etc.:
The Beatles, the bach Choir 

17-Before names of newspapers and ships:
The Times - The Titanic 

18- If a a public place is being used for a different purpose:
My mother came to the school to talk to my teacher. 

19- If objects are used for different purpose
She stood by the bed.

20- Before parts of body if are the object of an active sentence or subject of a passive one:
He hit me on the head - I was hit on the Head.

21- Before last names if talking about the whole family.
The smiths arrived. 

22- Before the last names for distinguishing two people.
I want to talk to the Mr Smith who works in sales department. (There should be another Mr Smith)




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یکشنبه 29 مرداد 1391 :: نویسنده : علیرضا صبری
Advice is a noun, which means an opinion that someone offers you about what you should do or how you should act in a particular situation.

For example: "I need someone to give me some advice."

Advise is a verb, which means to give information and suggest types of action.

For example: "I advise everybody to be nice to their teacher."

Often in English the noun form ends in ...ice and the verb form ends in ...ise.




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یکشنبه 29 مرداد 1391 :: نویسنده : علیرضا صبری
Affect and effect are two words that are commonly confused.

affect is usually a verb (action) - effect is usually a noun (thing)

Hint: If it's something you're going to do, use "affect." If it's something you've already done, use "effect."

To affect something or someone.

Meaning: to influence, act upon, or change something or someone.

For example: The noise outside affected my performance.

To have an effect on something or someone

!Note: effect is followed by the preposition on and preceded by an article (an, the)

Meaning: to have an impact on something or someone.

For example: His smile had a strange effect on me.

!Effect can also mean "the end result".

For example: The drug has many adverse side effects.




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یکشنبه 29 مرداد 1391 :: نویسنده : علیرضا صبری
Alone, can be used as an adjective or adverb. Either use means without other people or on your own.

For example: "He likes living alone."
"I think we're alone now." = There are just the two of us here.

Lonely is an adjective which means you are unhappy because you are not with other people.

For example: "The house feels lonely now that all the children have left home."

!Note - Just because you're alone, doesn't mean you're lonely.




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یکشنبه 29 مرداد 1391 :: نویسنده : علیرضا صبری
These two words are sometimes confused. Fun is normally an uncountable noun meaning "laughter or entertainment" . It often comes after "is" and other copular verbs (to know what these verbs are, refer to the thread on "Copular Verbs" in Passages section) as an adjective to say that things or people are "enjoyable, entertaining,etc."
Funny is an adjective and is used to say that something makes you laugh.Compare:

The party was fun, wasn't it? (NOT The party was funny.)
That was a real fun party. (Informal American English)
Why are you wearing that funny hat?

Note that funny has another meaning: "strange" or "Peculiar".
Celia has got a funny way of talking.




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یکشنبه 29 مرداد 1391 :: نویسنده : علیرضا صبری
You say: ----> You mean:
We get on well with each other. ----> We have a friendly relationship.
We don’t get on. ----> We don’t have a friendly relationship.
He gets on my nerves. ----> I find him irritating.
We get on like a house on fire. ----> We have a lot in common and really enjoy each other’s company.
We are like chalk and cheese. ----> We are completely different.
We are like two peas in the pod. ----> We are really alike.
We have fallen out. ----> We have had an argument.
We have made up. ----> We had an argument but now we are friends again.
I take after my father. ----> I have his personality or features




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یکشنبه 29 مرداد 1391 :: نویسنده : علیرضا صبری
The expression "the number" is followed by a singular verb while the expression "a number", meaning "several", is followed by a plural verb.

Examples:

The number of people we need to hire is thirteen.

A number of people have written in about this subject.

Quiz

Choose the correct word in each sentence.

1. The number of people lined up for tickets was/were four hundred.

2. A number of suggestions was/were made.

3. There is/are a number of important announcements in the bulletin.

4. Here is/are the number of milk shakes you requested.

Quiz Answers

1. The number of people lined up for tickets was four hundred.

2. A number of suggestions were made.

3. There are a number of important announcements in the bulletin.

4. Here is the number of milk shakes you requested.




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یکشنبه 29 مرداد 1391 :: نویسنده : علیرضا صبری
familiar to + someone
familiar with + something

That man looks familiar to me. Does he look familiar to you too?
His work is familiar to millions of people.

I am familiar with his research. 
Are you familiar with the problems that commonly arise?




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یکشنبه 29 مرداد 1391 :: نویسنده : علیرضا صبری
Incorrect: The news are too good to be true.
Correct: The news is too good to be true.

Incorrect: Politics are a dirty game.
Correct: Politics is a dirty game.

Some nouns are plural in form, but singular in meaning. They should be followed by singular verbs. Examples are: news, politics, maths, measles etc.

Incorrect: A thousand dollars are not a small sum.
Correct: A thousand dollars is not a small sum.

Incorrect: A thousand dollars was distributed among the prize winners.
Correct: A thousand dollars were distributed among the prize winners.

When the subject is a sum of money considered as a whole, the singular verb is used. When the subject is a sum of money and the reference is to the bills or coins considered separately, the plural verb is used.

Incorrect: Neither the officer nor his assistants was present at the meeting.
Correct: Neither the officer nor his assistants were present at the meeting.

When the subjects connected by or or nor are of different numbers, the plural subject should be written last and it should be followed by a plural verb.

Incorrect: Neither you nor Tom seem to be capable of doing this.
Correct: Neither you nor Tom seems to be capable of doing this.

When the subjects connected by or or nor are of different persons, the verb should agree in person with the subject nearest to it. Note that the subjects should be arranged in the proper order – the person spoken to, first; the person spoken of, second; and the speaker, last.




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شنبه 28 مرداد 1391 :: نویسنده : علیرضا صبری
These three words have a close meaning but the prefixes hold the key.

migrate: is used for people or animals always moving from one place to another.
The action is "migration"
The doer is "migrator"

emigrate: is used for natives of your country who leave to settle in another country.
The action is "emigration"
The doer is "emigrant"

immigrate: is used for people who leave their country to settle in yours
The action is "immigration"
The doer is "immigrant"




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شنبه 28 مرداد 1391 :: نویسنده : علیرضا صبری
Suppose that there will be a meeting on Monday, but not the upcoming Monday. How do we say that? "The meeting will be held on the next next Monday"? Well, no. You can use 'after next':

"The meeting will be held on the Monday after next"

To avoid any misunderstanding, it's better to specify the exact date.




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