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Our mission in life is not to change the world, our mission is to change ourselves
سه شنبه 31 مرداد 1391 :: نویسنده : علیرضا صبری
Ablutophobia: Fear of washing or having a bath.
Automatonophobia: One having fear about dummies, animatronic creature, statues of wax.
Autotonsorialist: A person who cuts his own hair.
Arachibutyrophobia: One having fear about peanut butter sticking to the mouth roof.
Automysophobia: A person who has a fear of getting dirty.

Batrachophagous: A person who eats frogs.
Ballistocardiograph: An instrument which is used to detect body. movememnts caused by heartbeats. 
Blandiloquence: A flattery or complimentary speech. 
Brachydactylous: Having short and blunt fingers. 
Bathythermograph: An instrument that is used for recording water temperature as compared to depth.

Cacodemomania: It is a pathological belief that one is inhabited by an evil spirit.
Caesaropapism: A secular ruler having control of the church.
Catapedamania: Having an obsession with jumping from high places.
Cheiloproclitic: One who is attracted to lips.
Chronosynchronicity: Presenting a persons life in all the stages through a single piece of art. 

Dendrochronology: The study of tree rings.
Deorsumversion: Turning downwards.
Dermatoglyphics: It is the study of fingerprints and skin patterns.
Dolichocephalic: Long-headed.
Dysmorphophobia: Having fear of physical deformities.

Ellogofusciouhipoppokunurious: Good.
Electroencephalograph: An instrument for measuring the brain's electrical impulses. 
Epiphenomenalism: Doctrine that mental processes are epiphenomena of brain activity. 
Electrodynamometer: An instrument for measuring electrical current.
Electroencephalogram: A graphical record of electrical activity of the brain. 

Floccinaucinihilipilification: Setting at little or no value.
Fantasticalness: The quality of being fantastic. 
Flagelliferous: Bearing a whip or flagellum.
Fibriophobia: Having fear of fever.
Frumentaceous: Resembling wheat or other grain.

Gynotikolobomassophile: One nibbling on women's earlobes.
Germanophilia: The love or fondness for Germany or for the Germans.
Gluconeogenesis: Production of glucose from non-carbohydrates.
Graminivorous: Feeding on grass or cereals.
Grammaticaster: A piddling grammarian.

Haematogenesis: Production of blood.
Haussmannize: To open out or to rebuild.
Helioseismology: A study of sun's interior by observing its surface oscillations.
Honorificabilitudinity: Honorableness.
Hydrometeorology: The study of atmospheric moisture. 

Iatromathematics: Archaic practice of medicine in conjunction with astrology.
Ichthyophagous: Fish-eating.
Immunopathology: A study of immunity to disease.
Interramification: Interweaving of branches.
Incomprehensibleness: Impossible to know or fathom.

Juglandaceous:Liking or pertaining to walnuts. 
Japanophobia- Fear of Japanese. 
Juglandaceous: Liking or pertaining to walnuts.
Japanophilia: Love or admiration for Japan or the Japanese.

Kakorrhaphiophobia: Having fear of failure.
Kephalonomancy: Divination using a baked ass's head.
Katathermometer: Instrument for measuring the cooling power of air.
Kosmikophobia: Having fear of cosmic phenomenon. 
Keraunophobia (or Ceraunophobia): Fear of lighting and thunder.

Logizomechanophobia: Having fear of computers. 
Libanotophorous: Producing incense. 
lepidopterology: A study about butterflies and moths. 
lautenclavicymbel: Lute harpsichord with gut strings. 
latitudinarianism: Doctrine of broad liberality in religious belief or conduct.

Medomalacuphobia: Fear of losing an erection. 
Macrocephalous: Having a large head. 
Margaritomancy: Divination using pearls. 
Maschalephidrosis: Massive sweating of the armpits. 
Micropalaeontology: Is a study of microscopic fossils.

Nucleomituphobia: Fear of nuclear weapons. 
Neopharmaphobia: Fear of new drugs. 
Nyctohylophobia: Fear of dark wooded areas or of forests at night. 
Nigroglobulate: The act of excluding someone by a negative vote or veto.
Neurophysiologically: The branch of physiology that deals with the functions of the nervous system. 

Oneirogmophobia: Fear of wet dreams. 
Ophthalmophobia: Fear of being stared at. 
Otorhinolaryngology: It is a study of ear, nose and throat. 
Orphanotrophism: Care and support of orphans.
Ophthalmoscope: Instrument for viewing the interior of the eye.

Paraskavedekatriaphobia: Fear of Friday the 13th. 
Palaeoanthropology: The study of early humans.
Penecontemporaneous: Of geological processes occurring immediately after deposition.
Pneumatophilosophy: Philosophy of spirits or the spirit world.
Podobromhydrosis: Smelly feet.

Quadragesimarian: One who observes Lent. 
Quomodocunquize: Making money in any possible way. 
Quoddamodotative: Existing in a certain manner. 
Quinquagenarian: Person between the ages of 50 and 59. 
Quasquicentennial: One hundred twenty-fifth anniversary.

Rhabdophobia: Fear of being severely punished or beaten by a rod, or of being severely criticized. 
Radiometeorograph: An instrument for measuring atmospheric conditions at high altitude.
Rhinotillexomania: Compulsive nose picking. 
Representationalism: Doctrine that ideas rather than external objects are basis of knowledge. 
Radappertization: Treatment of food with ionizing radiation to kill bacteria. 

Siderodromophobia: Fear of trains, railroads or train travel. 
Spermatophobia or Spermophobia: The fear of germs. 
Sacramentarianism: Belief that sacraments have unusual properties.
Spectroheliokinematograph: Camera for taking pictures of the sun. 
Sphygmomanometer: An instrument for measuring arterial blood pressure. 

Telephonophobia: Fear of telephones. 
Theologicophobia: Fear of theology. 
Triskaidekaphobia: Fear of the number 13. 
Thanatognomonic: Indicating or characteristic of death. 
Theophilanthropism: Love of both God and humanity. 
Triboluminescence: Emission of light caused by friction. 

Ultramicroscope: An instrument for viewing extremely small objects.
Umbraculiform: Shaped like an umbrella. 
Ubiquitarianism: Belief that Christ is everywhere. 
Unconsentaneous: Not in agreement. 

Venustraphobia: Fear of beautiful women. 
Verminophobia: Fear of germs. 
Vitricophobia: Fear of step-father. 
Volumenometer: An instrument for measuring volume of a solid.
Voicespondence: Correspondence by means of recorded oral messages. 

Walloonphobia: Fear of the Walloons. 
Whereinsoever: In whatsoever respect or place. 
Weatherometer: Instrument for measuring weather-resisting properties of paint. 

Xenodocheionology: Love of hotels. 
Xanthophobia: Fear of the color yellow or the word yellow. 
Xenoglossophobia: Fear of foreign languages. 
Xeroradiography: Process for taking permanent pictures of X-ray images. 
Xanthocyanopsy: Form of color-blindness in which only blue and yellow can be distinguished. 

Yogibogeybox: Materials used by a spiritualist. 
Yarborough: Hand of cards containing no card above nine. 
Yarnwindle: Tool for winding yarn into a ball. 
Yeomanette: Old term for a female yeoman in the American naval reserve. 
Yttriferous: Bearing yttrium. 

Zemmiphobia: Fear of the great mole rat. 
Zalambdodont: Having molar teeth with V-shaped ridges. 
Zeusophobia: Fear of God or gods. 
Zenzizenzizenzic: Eighth power of a number. 
Zeugmatography: Imaging using nuclear magnetic resonance to study soft tissue. 
Zalambdodont: Having molar teeth with V-shaped ridges.

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دوشنبه 30 مرداد 1391 :: نویسنده : علیرضا صبری
To sell short literally means to sell at a loss. However, idiomatically, to sell sb/sth short means to underestimate the real value and ability of sb/sth ! 
For instance,

"Don't sell your students short--they are just shy and don't show off their knowledge"

"This is a very good restaurant. Don't sell it short"

"When you say that John isn't interested in music, you're selling him short. Did you know he plays the violin quite well?"

'Who'd employ me at my age?' 
'Don't sell yourself short! You're intelligent and you've got loads of experience.' 

"She doesn't succeed in interviews because she always sells herself short."

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یکشنبه 29 مرداد 1391 :: نویسنده : علیرضا صبری
palindrome is a word, phrase, number or other sequence of units that can be read the same way in either direction

Don't nod
Dogma: I am God
Never odd or even
Too bad – I hid a boot
Rats live on no evil star
No trace; not one carton
Was it Eliot's toilet I saw?
Murder for a jar of red rum
May a moody baby doom a yam?
Go hang a salami; I'm a lasagna hog!
Satan, oscillate my metallic sonatas!
A Toyota! Race fast... safe car: a Toyota
Straw? No, too stupid a fad; I put soot on warts
Are we not drawn onward, we few, drawn onward to new era?
Doc Note: I dissent. A fast never prevents a fatness. I diet on cod
No, it never propagates if I set a gap or prevention
Anne, I vote more cars race Rome to Vienna
Sums are not set as a test on Erasmus
Kay, a red nude, peeped under a yak
Some men interpret nine memos
Campus Motto: Bottoms up, Mac
Go deliver a dare, vile dog!
Madam, in Eden I'm Adam
Oozy rat in a sanitary zoo
Ah, Satan sees Natasha
Lisa Bonet ate no basil
Do geese see God?
God saw I was dog
Dennis sinned

Can you make your own palindrome?

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یکشنبه 29 مرداد 1391 :: نویسنده : علیرضا صبری
According to Longman English Grammar (G. Alexander), nouns with the same singular and plural forms, some nouns do not change in form. These include:
- certain nouns describing nationalities e.g., a Chinese, a Swiss, a Vietnamese
He is a Vietnamese

This grammar book introduces an example: Nakamurasan is (a) Japanese.
So "a" is optional.

BUT when we have a separate word for the person, "a/an" is mandatory - My brother is engaged to a Finn/Pole/Dane. (Though we usually use BE + adjective to talk about nationality: He is Finnish/Polish/Danish).

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یکشنبه 29 مرداد 1391 :: نویسنده : علیرضا صبری
I thought I'd better finish my homework first, and I did so / so I did.

Which structure is correct?


I did so = I did this = I finished my homework.
so I did = therefore I did = therefore I finished my homework.

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یکشنبه 29 مرداد 1391 :: نویسنده : علیرضا صبری
Do you ride the bus or take the bus? But 'ride' doesn't always mean 'sitting on and controlling the movement of sth'. Riding and taking the bus have the same meaning. "Riding the bus" is American English while "taking the bus" would be more usual for British English.

[chiefly North American] travel in (a vehicle or lift):
Example 1: She rides the bus across 42nd Street.
Example 2: It was a busy morning. There were many commuters riding the bus to school or work.

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یکشنبه 29 مرداد 1391 :: نویسنده : علیرضا صبری
If you possess something you own it, it is your property.

If you are in possession of something, it is more likely that you have it on or about you at the time spoken of. It may or may not belong to you.

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یکشنبه 29 مرداد 1391 :: نویسنده : علیرضا صبری
Lay is an irregular transitive verb (lay / laid/ laid - laying). It needs a direct object. It means to put something or someone down (often in a horizontal position).
For example: "Lay your head on the pillow."
Lie is an irregular intransitive verb (lie / lay / lain - lying). It does not take a direct object. It means to rest in a horizontal position1 or to be located somewhere2.
For example: "If you are tired lie here and have a rest."1 
"Nottingham lies in the Midlands."2

However, in some varieties of English, some people use "lay" instead of "lie" which is not considered standard.

*Lie also means to say something that isn't true but it takes the following form (lie / lied / lied - lying).

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یکشنبه 29 مرداد 1391 :: نویسنده : علیرضا صبری
Dare/dare to means to have the courage or impudence to do something difficult or dangerous, or something you have no right to do.

The use of dare and dare to is similar to that of need and need to. Dare is a modal auxiliary, whereas in dare to "dare" functions as a main verb.

How dare she criticise us?
I daren't think how many victims there are.
Do you dare to tell him what happened to his bike?
Don't you dare to interrupt me!

Note that when dare is used as a main verb, the to before the infinitive is often omitted:

I'd never dare (to) talk to my boss the way he does to his.

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یکشنبه 29 مرداد 1391 :: نویسنده : علیرضا صبری
It's always difficult to pronounce words ending with ths. In words like months, clothes, fifths, eighths, the /θ/ or /ð/ can be omitted.

According to Merriam Webster, for instance, the primary pronunciation of "months" is /mʌn(t)s/ and secondary /mʌn(t)θs/. Similarly clothes is /kloʊz/, and the alternate (also) one is /kloʊðz/.

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یکشنبه 29 مرداد 1391 :: نویسنده : علیرضا صبری
We often use let and allow to discuss permission. Both of them can be used to talk about giving and refusing permission.

They let me go out and get a drink.
They wouldn't let me back in.

They allowed me to go out and get a drink.
She won't allow anyone to smoke in the office.

Allow (passive)
He wasn't allowed to go out and get a drink.
Nobody is allowed to smoke in the office.

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یکشنبه 29 مرداد 1391 :: نویسنده : علیرضا صبری
These examples clearly distinguish these 2 words:

1. They were mute. (not speaking)
2. They spoke in muted voices. (not loud)

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یکشنبه 29 مرداد 1391 :: نویسنده : علیرضا صبری
Find time to read every day. 
Reading even for a short time when you are not tired is a good idea to become a fluent reader.

Look for a good place to read.
Find a room which has a good light and comfortable chair. to have a better concentration read in a place where you won't be interrupted.

Use clues in the text to make predictions:
Fluent readers make predictions before and while reading. Use pictures, titles, captions, and subtitles to predict what's going to happen in your reading. 

Establish goal before you read:
Before starting to read, ask yourself, do you just read to get a general information or you read to find specific answers. 

Control your head and eye movements:
Avoid moving your head while you are reading because it will make you tired. Try to just move your eyes along with the lines. 

Try not to translate:
Translation will reduce your reading speed, before you try to translate the new words into your first language try to make a guess using the context. 

Read in phrases rather than word by word:
Don't point at each word that you're reading, practice reading in phrases instead. 

Engage your imagination:
Try to visualize what you're reading. Make a movie of the reading and share with others if possible. 

Avoid sub vocalization:
Sub vocalization means to quietly saying the words as you read them. Avoid this for it slows down your reading. your eyes and brain can read much faster if you don't sub vocalize. If you want to check to see if you sub vocalize or not, simply put your finger on you lips and throat, if you feel movement, then you are sub vocalizing. practice reading without moving your lips.

Don't worry about understanding every word:
It isn't always needed to check for every single word you have problems with. Most of the time it's the general combination of words that make a meaningful passage not the single word. Instead of looking up for the word every time you can simply circle it and check it later. 

Enjoy your reading:
Choose a topic that interests you and keep in mind that the more you read the better you'll feel about English texts . 

Read as much as you can:
Read whenever and wherever possible. Textbooks, websites, this forum, magazines, etc. are great sources for good readers. If you really want to become a very fluent reader, READ MORE!

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یکشنبه 29 مرداد 1391 :: نویسنده : علیرضا صبری
We use THE: 

1- When the object or group of objects is considered to be one of a kind (unique):
The earth - the sea - the stars - the sun - the moon 

2- Before a noun which is being used for the second time in the text:
I saw a man looking for something. The man seemed to be very worried.

3- Before a noun made definite by an added phrase or clause:
The men in black - The place where I met him

4- Before a noun which is definite to both speaker and listener and can only represent one special thing:
The car (our car) - in the kitchen (the kitchen of our house) - the postman (the one who comes to us)

5- Before superlative adjectives and firstsecond, etc. and only:
The best car - The first victim - the only child 

6- THE + singular noun can represent a class of animals or things:
The whale is in danger of extinction. - The freezer has made life easier for housewives.
* note: man, representing the human race, has no article. 

7- before a member of a certain group of people:
The small shopkeeper is finding life difficult.

8- before adjectives to represent a class of persons:
the old = old people in general - the poor - the English 

9-before the names of seasriversgroup of islandschain of mountainsdeserts, regions:
the Caspian sea - the Nile - The Philippines - the Alps - the Sahara - the Riviera 
*note: Not before the names of mountains > The Damavand (wrong) 
*note: Not before the names of lakes. EXP: if the name of lake has plural 'S' we add 'the' : The great lakes

10-Before the names of countries if they are bound with the name of government:
The Islamic republic of Iran - The United States of America 
*note : Not the Iran - 

11-Before certain other names:
The city - The mall - the Sudan - The Yemen - the Strand - the Hague

12- before noun+of+noun
the door of the classroom - The Gulf of Mexico 

13- before the names consisting adjective + noun (adjective should not be east, west, etc.)
The high Street - The New Forest 

14- Before adjectives east/west etc.+ certain nouns:
The west End - The south Pole - the east Indies

15- before proper nouns consisting of adjective + noun or noun + of + noun
The National Gallery - The Tower of London

16- before the names of choirs, orchestras, pop groups etc.:
The Beatles, the bach Choir 

17-Before names of newspapers and ships:
The Times - The Titanic 

18- If a a public place is being used for a different purpose:
My mother came to the school to talk to my teacher. 

19- If objects are used for different purpose
She stood by the bed.

20- Before parts of body if are the object of an active sentence or subject of a passive one:
He hit me on the head - I was hit on the Head.

21- Before last names if talking about the whole family.
The smiths arrived. 

22- Before the last names for distinguishing two people.
I want to talk to the Mr Smith who works in sales department. (There should be another Mr Smith)

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یکشنبه 29 مرداد 1391 :: نویسنده : علیرضا صبری
Advice is a noun, which means an opinion that someone offers you about what you should do or how you should act in a particular situation.

For example: "I need someone to give me some advice."

Advise is a verb, which means to give information and suggest types of action.

For example: "I advise everybody to be nice to their teacher."

Often in English the noun form ends in ...ice and the verb form ends in ...ise.

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