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دوشنبه 22 آبان 1391 :: نویسنده : علیرضا صبری

Ought to

Ought is a modal auxiliary verb. There is no –s in the third person singular.

  • She ought to understand. (NOT She oughts to …)

Ought is different from other auxiliary verbs. It is used with to

  • We ought to respect our parents.
  • We ought to help the poor.

Note that to is dropped in question tags.

  • You ought to love your country, ought not you?(NOT…ought not you to.)

Ought does not have infinitives (to ought) or participles (oughting, oughted). Questions and negatives are made without do.

  • Ought we to help them? (NOT Do we ought to …)
  • You ought not to go now.

Ought is rarely used in questions and negatives; should is generally used instead. A structure with think … ought is also common.

  • We ought to help them, shouldn’t we? (More natural than ought not we?)
  • Do you think I ought to consult a doctor? (More natural than Ought I to consult a doctor?)
  • Should we tell her? (Less formal than Ought we to tell her?)

Ought: Meaning

Ought expresses duty, necessity, desirability and similar ideas. It is often used to advise people – to tell them that they have a duty to do things. The meaning is similar to should

  • You ought to attend office regularly. (Duty)
  • We ought to help the needy. (Moral obligation)
  • We ought to buy some furniture. (Necessity)

Ought is not as forceful as must.





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چهارشنبه 24 آبان 1391 10:22 ق.ظ
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